Auction Date: 2/09/2014 at 01pm
"Important paper on the Chinese Revolution 1912 – Chinese revolution – formation of the Republic of China. Further correspondence respecting the affairs of China”. China No 3 (1912). (In Continuation of ""China No 1 (1912)"" Cd 6148). London. Published H.M.S.O. Presented to Both Houses of Parliament by Command of His Majesty, November 1912. London: Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office by Harrison and Sons, St. Martin’s Lane, Printers to the King's Most Excellent Majesty, 1912. With x, 218 pp., folio size 13 by 8 inches, very good condition, in the original blue black-printed soft covers. Spans December 1911 to March 1912. Much unrest in China is reported here with such topics in the contents list as: “British residents apply for gunboat protection...” “Dangerous situation in Sianfu”, ""Sir G. Buchanan reports speculations in the Russian press as to the future of Mongolia and Tibet"", “Looting of Chengtu by soldiers...” “Troops at Lanchow have declared for the republic. Proposed to occupy important points on the Tien-Tsin railway with foreign troops"", “execution of Chao-Erh-Feng”. “Yuan Shih-Kai elected president of the new Republic”. “War Office suggests reinforcements to be sent from India to Hong Kong”. The Republic of China was formed when the Qing Dynasty fell in 1912. The republic had ended a very long reign of imperial rule. Sun Yatsen was the leader of the opposition that led several civil unrests to unseat the Qing Dynasty from ruling China. The imperial rule was weak and unable to unite the country because of weak policies, corruption, and several foreign invasions. Several provinces declared independence from the Qing Dynasty and on January 1, 1912 elected Sun Yatsen as the first Provisional President of China. However he was unable to get enough support from other provinces and the military under the strong leadership of military general Yuan Shikai. To prevent civil war, Sun Yatsen turned over the presidency to Yuna Shikai. Yuan Shikai was a strong leader but was corrupt. He abused his power and eventually dismantled the parliament to make him the most powerful man in the country. He ordered several killings of those who opposed his rule. He wanted to become the new emperor of China but several provinces opposed him and declared independence from him. Opposition groups united and formed the National Protection Army that revolted against his rule. Several generals of Yuan Shikkai were not happy about his coronation as emperor so they did not resist the uprising of the rebels. This led to the fall of Yuan Shikai’s rule as he stepped down from power on March 22, 1916. He died several months later. A very rare British Parliamentary Paper covering events at this pivotal point in Chinese history."